Origin: North of Mexico and USA.
Tree: Very vigorous and deciduous. It can reach a great high.
- Soft, narrow and slightly elongated leaves.
- It resists well low temperatures below 0ºC. This allows it to make a good floral differentiation in order to have a good setting of flowering arrival in spring.
- It needs ward temperatures in summer to optimize fruit ripening.
- Although it tolerates all types of soils, even very clayey ones, it requires deep, fresh and little alkaline soils.
- It requires weekly irrigations, with good and free of salt water, although it tolerates an average salinity.
- It starts producing at 3-4 years.
Fruit: Smooth nut, brown coloured and ovoid shape. Seed is lobed with three longitudinal grooves on each lobe. It measures between 3.5 cm of length smallest varieties and 5-7 cm largest.
Fruit weight: From 10 to 15 g.
Fruit ripening: From early of November until mid-December, depending on zone temperatures.
Pruning: It should be pruned since the first year, doing a pruning training. It should be repeated every year in order to control the excessive development of the branches.
Planting layout: 6 x 6 first years and 8,60 x 8,60 definitive.
Varieties: Mahan, Wichita, Cherokee, Cheyenne and Western Schley.